Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Abscess Pilonidal Overview

Another name for Abscess Pilonidal is Pilonidal Abscess.

What is a pilonidal abscess?
A person with pilonidal abscess has an infected pilonidal cyst, which is collection of fluid under the skin between the buttocks. A pilonidal abscess is caused by bacteria that are normally on the surface of the skin. The bacteria enter the pilonidal cyst and start to grow. The infection causes pus to collect inside the cyst, resulting in an abscess.

What are the symptoms of a pilonidal abscess?
Symptoms of a pilonidal abscess include a tender, painful lump under the skin between the buttocks. Additional symptom of a pilonidal abscess include skin redness and swelling. Pus may drain from the abscess.

How does the doctor treat a pilonidal abscess?
Treatment for a pilonidal abscess may include warm baths, antibiotics, narcotic pain medications, and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications. A pilonidal cyst may also require incision and drainage, which is a procedure that allows pus to drain from the abscess.

Continue to Abscess Pilonidal Incidence

Last Updated: Aug 3, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Abscess Pilonidal References
  1. Comparison between three therapeutic modalities for non-complicated pilonidal sinus disease. Surgeon. 2005 Apr;3(2):73-7. [15861940]
  2. Gupta PJ. A randomized study between excision and marsupialization and radiofrequency sinus excision in sacro-coccygeal pilonidal disease. Curr Surg. 2004 May-Jun;61(3):307-12. [15165772]
  3. Landa N, Aller O, Landa-Gundin N, Torrontegui J, Azpiazu JL. Successful treatment of recurrent pilonidal sinus with laser epilation. Dermatol Surg. 2005 Jun;31(6):726-8. [15996432]
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