Abnormal Veins in the Esophagus Treatment
The treatment of esophageal varices is directed toward reducing the risk of bleeding. Treatment for esophageal varices includes avoidance of alcohol, medications to reduce the risk of bleeding, and surgical procedures to stop variceal bleeding.
Treatment for esophageal varices includes:
- Do not drink alcohol.
- Sclerotherapy for esophageal varices:
- To stop bleeding and reduce the risk of bleeding
- Injection of medication into the varices to shrink veins
- Ligation of esophageal varices:
- Closing the varices by placing bands around them through an endoscope
- Shunt surgery for esophageal varices:
- Redirecting blood flow around the varices
- Other medications:
Treatment for bleeding due to esophageal varices may include:
- Intravenous fluids
- Upper GI endoscopy to control bleeding varices
- Blood transfusion
- Medications for bleeding varices:
For more information:
Abnormal Veins in the Esophagus Questions For Doctor
The following are some important questions to ask before and after the treatment of esophageal varices.
Questions to ask before treatment:
- What are my treatment options?
- Is surgery an option for me?
- What are the risks associated with treatment?
- Do I need to stay in the hospital?
- How long will I be in the hospital?
- What are the complications I should watch for?
- How long will I be on medication?
- What are the potential side effects of my medication?
- Does my medication interact with nonprescription medicines or supplements?
- Should I take my medication with food?
Questions to ask after treatment:
- Do I need to change my diet?
- Do I need to lose weight?
- Are there any medications or supplements I should avoid?
- When can I resume my normal activities?
- When can I return to work?
- What else can I do to reduce my risk for complications?
- How often will I need to see my doctor for checkups?
- What local support and other resources are available?
Abnormal Veins in the Esophagus Specialist
Physicians from the following specialties evaluate and treat esophageal varices:
Abnormal Veins in the Esophagus Surgery
Surgical shunts direct blood flow around the varices:
- Distal splenorenal shunt
- Mesocaval shunt
- Portocaval shunt
- Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt
Continue to Abnormal Veins in the Esophagus Home Care
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