Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

Overview Incidence Risk Factors Symptoms Evaluation Treatment dialysis diet questions for doctor specialist transplant Home Care diet taking control warning signs Prevention Outlook Complications Underlying Cause Anatomy

Abnormal Renal Function Treatment

The treatment for kidney disease depends on the underlying cause. General treatment for kidney disease may include a kidney diet, fluid restriction, vitamin supplements, and medications. Treatment for severe kidney disease may include kidney dialysis or peritoneal dialysis.

General treatment for kidney disease may include:

  • Kidney dialysis:
    • A machine that filters the blood
  • Peritoneal dialysis:
  • Fluid restriction for more severe kidney disease
  • Kidney disease diet
  • Kidney transplant
  • Medication for kidney disease
  • Vitamin supplements for kidney disease

For more information:

Abnormal Renal Function Dialysis

Kidney Dialysis
Severe kidney disease can result in kidney failure. The kidneys are unable to remove fluid and waste from the body. The treatment of kidney failure requires kidney dialysis.

The two types of dialysis include:

  • Hemodialysis:
    • Blood flows through a machine that filters waste from the bloodstream.
  • Peritoneal dialysis:
    • Fluid is placed inside the abdominal cavity
    • Waste products seep into the fluid through the tissue in the abdomen
    • Fluid is removed from the abdomen

Abnormal Renal Function Diet

When the kidneys fail, they are unable to filter waste from the bloodstream. A kidney disease diet limits the amount of certain nutrients, in order to minimize the amount of waste that must be removed from the bloodstream.

Kidney disease diet:

Normally, the kidneys help to maintain the levels of calcium and vitamin B in the bloodstream.

Kidney disease diet also includes:

Abnormal Renal Function Questions For Doctor

The following are some important questions to ask before and after treatment for kidney disease.

Questions to ask before treatment:

  • What are my treatment options?
    • Is surgery an option for me?
  • What are the risks associated with treatment?
  • Do I need to stay in the hospital?
    • How long will I be in the hospital?
  • What are the complications I should watch for?
  • How long will I be on medication?
  • What are the potential side effects of my medication?
  • Does my medication interact with nonprescription medicines or supplements?
  • Should I take my medication with food?

Questions to ask after treatment:
  • Do I need to change my diet?
  • Are there any medications or supplements I should avoid?
  • When can I resume my normal activities?
  • When can I return to work?
  • What else can I do to reduce my risk for complications?
  • What else can I do to reduce my risk for kidney disease?
  • How often will I need to see my doctor for checkups?
  • What local support and other resources are available?

Abnormal Renal Function Specialist

Physicians from the following specialties evaluate and treat kidney disease:

Abnormal Renal Function Transplant

Kidney Transplant
When kidney disease results in kidney failure, kidney dialysis is required to remove waste from the bloodstream. However, people with severe kidney disease may undergo kidney transplant. The healthy, transplanted kidney takes over the functions lost by the failed kidneys.

Continue to Abnormal Renal Function Home Care

Last Updated: Dec 17, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Abnormal Renal Function References
  1. Bailie GR, Uhlig K, Levey AS. Clinical practice guidelines in nephrology: evaluation, classification, and stratification of chronic kidney disease. Pharmacotherapy. 2005 Apr;25(4):491-502. [15977910]
  2. Boydstun II. Chronic kidney disease in adolescents. Adolesc Med Clin. 2005 Feb;16(1):185-99, xii. [15844391]
  3. Snively CS, Gutierrez C. Chronic kidney disease: prevention and treatment of common complications. Am Fam Physician. 2004 Nov 15;70(10):1921-8. [15571058]
  4. Toto RD. Management of hypertensive chronic kidney disease: role of calcium channel blockers. J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich). 2005 Apr;7(4 Suppl 1):15-20. [15858398]
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