Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

Abnormal Nervousness Treatment

Anxiety disorder is often treated with a combination of medications and mental health counseling. Treatment is focused on reducing stress, coping mechanisms, and treating symptoms. Although it may be difficult to reduce stress, counseling effectively trains a person to cope with anxiety, by providing insight on how to respond to stress. With therapy, symptoms of anxiety disorder may improve over a few months, but in severe cases, years of treatment may be required to manage symptoms.

Short-term treatment for anxiety disorder includes:

  • Calm surroundings
  • Quiet surroundings
  • Reassurance
  • Bag-breathing for episodes of hyperventilation
  • Medications

Long-term treatment for anxiety disorder includes:

Medications used for the treatment of an anxiety disorder include:

Treatment may be necessary for underlying causes of anxiety, such as:

For more information:

Abnormal Nervousness Biofeedback

Biofeedback is a form of psychological therapy. During a biofeedback therapy session, a machine monitors brain waves, pulse, and rate of breathing. While attached to the machine, a person attempts to create a relaxed state. Successful relaxation will result in slowing of the brain waves, pulse and breathing rate. Thus, the person receives feedback from the machine when he or she is successful.

Abnormal Nervousness Cognitive Therapy

Cognitive behavioral therapy is a form of psychological therapy. The first goal of cognitive behavioral therapy is to help a person understand what triggers episodes of anxiety. The second goal is to help a person learn how to control the reaction to a trigger, before symptoms of anxiety start.

Abnormal Nervousness Drugs

Medications used for the treatment of an anxiety disorder include:

Abnormal Nervousness Benzodiazepines

The benzodiazepine medications are very effective for the treatment of anxiety disorder. Benzodiazepines tend to slow the activity of the brain. Because these medications can be habit-forming, they are best for the short-term treatment of acute anxiety. Prolonged use can result in drug dependency. Stopping these medications abruptly after a period of long-term use can result in serious withdrawal symptoms, including seizures.

Benzodiazepine medications are divided into two main groups, short acting and long acting.

Short acting benzodiazepines:

Long acting benzodiazepines:

Abnormal Nervousness Beta-Blockers

Beta-blocker medications are used to treat anxiety disorder. These medications slow the heart rate, reduce blood pressure and may reduce symptoms of anxiety. Since beta-blockers reduce blood pressure, side effects include fatigue, dizziness or fainting.

Beta-blocker medications:

Abnormal Nervousness SSRI Drugs

Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, or SSRI's, are antidepressant medications used to treat anxiety disorders, as well as depression. These medications balance chemicals in the brain that improve mood.

Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors:

Abnormal Nervousness Tricyclics

Tricyclic antidepressant medications are used to treat anxiety disorders, as well as depression. These medications balance chemicals in the brain that improve mood.

Tricyclic antidepressants:

Abnormal Nervousness General Measures

General treatment for anxiety disorder includes:

  • Maintain a regular sleep schedule
  • Regular exercise program.
  • Recreation: sports, music, arts or crafts
  • Avoid triggers for anxiety:
    • Caffeine
    • Sugar
    • Diet medications
    • Allergy medications
    • Cold medications
    • Alcohol
    • Street drugs

Abnormal Nervousness Questions For Doctor

The following are some important questions to ask before and after the treatment of anxiety disorder.

Questions to ask before treatment:

  • What are my treatment options?
  • What are the risks associated with treatment?
  • What are the complications I should watch for?
  • How long will I be on medication?
  • What are the potential side effects of my medication?
  • Does my medication interact with nonprescription medicines or supplements?
  • Should I take my medication with food?

Questions to ask after treatment:
  • Are there any medications or supplements I should avoid?
  • What else can I do to reduce my risk for stress?
  • How often will I need to see my doctor for checkups?
  • What local support and other resources are available?

Abnormal Nervousness Specialist

Physicians from the following specialties evaluate and treat anxiety disorder:

Continue to Abnormal Nervousness Home Care

Last Updated: Mar 10, 2011 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
Copyright DSHI Systems, Inc. Powered by: FreeMD - Your Virtual Doctor

PubMed Abnormal Nervousness References
  1. Bernstein GA, Shaw K: Practice parameters for the assessment of children and adolescents with anxiety disorders. American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 1997; 36 (10 Suppl): 69S-84S. [9334566]
  2. Christmas DM, Hood SD. Recent developments in anxiety disorders. Recent Patents CNS Drug Discov. 2006 Nov;1(3):289-98. Review. [18221210]
  3. Denys D, de Geus F. Predictors of pharmacotherapy response in anxiety disorders. Curr Psychiatry Rep. 2005 Aug;7(4):252-7. [16098278]
  4. Gale C, Oakley-Browne M. Generalised anxiety disorder. Clin Evid. 2004 Jun;(11):1302-18. [15652060]
  5. Michael Kaplan E, DuPont RL. Benzodiazepines and anxiety disorders: a review for the practicing physician. Curr Med Res Opin. 2005 Jun;21(6):941-50. [15969894]
FreeMD is provided for information purposes only and should not be used as a substitute for evaluation and treatment by a physician. Please review our terms of use.