Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

Overview Underlying Cause Types Anatomy

Abdominal Wall Tenderness Anatomy

To better understand abdominal tenderness, it helps to understand the anatomy of the abdomen.

Abdominal Anatomy
The internal organs are protected by a muscular abdominal wall:

  • Superficial abdominal muscles
  • Deep abdominal muscles

Organs in the abdomen include:
  • Intestines
  • Kidneys
  • Liver
  • Gallbladder
  • Pancreas
  • Spleen
  • Stomach
  • Uterus and ovaries in females (lower abdomen)
  • Genitourinary system in males

Last Updated: Nov 8, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Abdominal Wall Tenderness References
  1. Bundy DG, Byerley JS, Liles EA, Perrin EM, Katznelson J, Rice HE. Does this child have appendicitis? JAMA. 2007 Jul 25;298(4):438-51. [17652298]
  2. Flasar MH, Goldberg E. Med Clin North Am. 2006 May;90(3):481-503. [16473101]
  3. Lyon C, Clark DC. Diagnosis of acute abdominal pain in older patients. Am Fam Physician. 2006 Nov 1;74(9):1537-44. [17111893]
  4. McCollough M, Sharieff GQ. Abdominal pain in children. Pediatr Clin North Am. 2006 Feb;53(1):107-37, vi. [16487787]
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