Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

Overview Symptoms Underlying Cause

Abdominal Swelling due to Fluid Overview

Another name for Abdominal Swelling due to Fluid is Ascites.

What is ascites?
A person with ascites has an abnormal collection of fluid within the abdomen, resulting in swelling of the abdomen. Ascites can be caused by heart disease, cirrhosis, kidney disease, pancreatic cancer, and ovarian cancer.

What are the symptoms of ascites?
The most common symptoms of ascites are increasing abdominal swelling, weight gain, and fatigue.

How does the doctor treat ascites?
Treatment of ascites depends on underlying cause. General measures include a low salt diet, fluid restriction, and diuretics. As the ascites worsens, treatment may also include a transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS), which is a procedure that reduces the collection of fluid in the abdomen.

Continue to Abdominal Swelling due to Fluid Symptoms

Last Updated: Mar 4, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Abdominal Swelling due to Fluid References
  1. Han SH, Reynolds TB, Fong TL. Nephrogenic ascites. Analysis of 16 cases and review of the literature. Medicine (Baltimore). 1998 Jul;77(4):233-45. [9715728]
  2. Moore KP, Aithal GP. Guidelines on the management of ascites in cirrhosis. Gut. 2006 Oct;55 Suppl 6:vi1-12. [16966752]
  3. O'Brien JG, Chennubhotla SA, Chennubhotla RV. Treatment of edema. Am Fam Physician. 2005 Jun 1;71(11):2111-7. [15952439]
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