Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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TIA Diet

A healthy diet to prevent a TIA should include:

  • Limit fat intake to no more than 30% of your total calories.
  • Eat quality fats: use virgin olive oil and other unsaturated, low-cholesterol fats.
    • 10% to 15% of your total calories should be in the form of monounsaturated fatty acids (e.g. olive oil, canola oil, and peanut oil).
  • Talk to your doctor about vitamin D supplements.
  • Eat foods that are rich in omega-3 fatty acids:
    • Omega-3's are present in salmon, tuna, and mackerel.
    • Walnuts and flax seed are also rich in omega3's.
    • If you don't like fish, your local pharmacy has omega-3 supplements in capsule form.
  • Eat less than 300 milligrams of dietary cholesterol a day.
  • Reduce salt in your diet to no more than 3 grams per day. You doctor may lower this recommendation to no more than 2 grams if you have high blood pressure or congestive heart failure.
  • Eat plenty of fresh fruit and vegetables.
  • Eat more complex carbohydrates, such as starch and fiber. Whole grains and brown rice are good fiber sources. Other sources include:
    • Fruits
    • Vegetables
    • Bran
    • Barley
    • Oats
    • Legumes
  • Limit iron intake: too much iron can increase atherosclerosis
  • Avoid fad diets: eat a well-rounded diet instead.
  • Check with your doctor about supplementing your diet with B vitamins. Some people may benefit from these supplements.

Continue to TIA Outlook

Last Updated: Jan 6, 2011 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed TIA References
  1. Dijk JM, van der Graaf Y, Grobbee DE, Bots ML; SMART Study Group. Carotid stiffness indicates risk of ischemic stroke and TIA in patients with internal carotid artery stenosis: the SMART study. Stroke. 2004 Oct;35(10):2258-62. [15331793]
  2. Puranen J, Laakso M, Riekkinen P Sr, Sivenius J. Risk factors and antiplatelet therapy in TIA and stroke patients. J Neurol Sci. 1998 Feb 5;154(2):200-4. [9562311]
  3. Rothwell PM. Incidence, risk factors and prognosis of stroke and TIA: the need for high-quality, large-scale epidemiological studies and meta-analyses. Cerebrovasc Dis. 2003;16 Suppl 3:2-10. [12740550]
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